The moving bed biofilm process is based on plastic carriers on which biomass attaches and grows. The original Kaldnes carrier was made of high-density polyethylene (density 0.95 gcm−1) that could be used in filling fractions (volume of carriers in empty reactor) up to 70% that gives a specific area of 350 m2m−3. Lately there has been an interest in the use of larger carrier elements, especially when using the process for upgrading of activated sludge plants. This paper analyses the influence of the carrier size and shape on performance, especially related to highly loaded plants working on municipal wastewater. The results demonstrate that moving bed biofilm reactors should be designed based on surface area loading rate (g COD/m2d) and that shape and size of the carrier do not seem to be significant as long as the effective surface area is the same. The results indicate that very high organic loads can be used in order to remove soluble COD but that the settleability of the sludge is negatively influenced at high loading rates.

This content is only available as a PDF.