Bacteriophages were isolated from a laboratory scale enhanced biological phosphate removing (EBPR) activated sludge process, and their host range was examined. Bacterial isolates to host the bacteriophages were isolated from the EBPR activated sludge process. Bacteriophages were eluted from the EBPR activated sludge, enriched by incubation with the bacterial isolates, and then tested for plaque formation on each of the bacterial isolates. Out of 12 bacterial isolates isolated, 4 supported plaque formation. Four bacteriophages were obtained from the plaques. The host range test was conducted with the combination of the bacteriophage isolates and the bacterial isolates. Three of the bacteriophages were found to form plaques on more than one host, and one of them formed plaques on both Gram +ve and Gram −ve bacterial isolates. Two of the four bacteriophages failed to form plaques on their original bacterial host, indicating the existence of mutation on either both or one of the host and the bacteriophage. This study strongly suggests that bacteriophages are an active part of the activated sludge microbial ecosystem, having very complex interaction with their host bacteria.

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