In this work, the comparison of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) degradation by two different AOT processes has been performed: a) a homogeneous system with Fe(III)-NTA (1:1 complex), b) a TiO2/Fe(III)-NTA heterogeneous system. In both cases, NTA appears to play a positive role in the photochemical reaction. In the homogeneous system, the iron salt is the only absorbing species and is proved to be able to photoinduce 4-CP degradation ([4-CP] = 0.1-0.2 mM, [FeNTA] = 0.3-0.9 mM, pH 4, λ = 365 nm). The progress of the reaction was positively affected by the FeNTA concentration, and the reaction kept going even after the total disappearance of FeNTA. However, 4-CP complete degradation requires the presence of oxygen, otherwise the reaction stops. In the heterogeneous system ([4-CP] = 2.0 mM, [FeNTA] = 1.0-2.0 mM, [TiO2] = 0.1 and 1.0 g L-1, pH 3, λ = 300-400 nm), an important effect of the complex on the degradation extent and on the initial reaction rate can be seen, which overcomes the effect of non-complexed Fe(III). This behaviour is more important at the highest TiO2 concentration.

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