The effect of Cu(II) ion on the dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride (CT) by Fe(II) associated with various iron oxides was investigated. Iron oxides including goethite, hematite, ferrihydrite and magnetite were selected as the model compounds. CT was dechlorinated to chloroform (CF) by 3 mM Fe(II) in iron oxide suspensions at pH 7.2. The dechlorination followed pseudo first-order kinetics and the pseudo firstorder rate constants (kobs) were 0.048 h−1, 0.0836 h−1, 0.0609 h−1 and 0.0144 h-1 in goethite-, hematite-, ferrihydrite- and magnetite-amended systems, respectively. Addition of Cu(II) into systems increased the kobs for CT dechlorination significantly. A 3- to 120-fold increase in kobs relative to the systems without Cu(II) was observed when 0.5 mM Cu(II) was added to the Fe(II)-Fe(III) suspensions. The pH of the system is an important factor controlling the dechlorination rate of CT. The increase in concentrations of Fe(II) and iron oxides also enhanced the dechlorination efficiency and rate of CT. Moreover, a linear relationship between the kobs and Cu(II) concentration ranging between 0 and 0.4 mM was observed. Results obtained demonstrate the feasibility of using surface-bound iron species with Cu(II) for the detoxification of chlorinated solvents in the contaminated aquifers.

This content is only available as a PDF.