The radical variability of ecosystems such as lakes when reacting to prevailing conditions has in many situations found traditional modelling too inflexible. The introduction of eco-exergy, a measure of a system's distance from thermodynamic equilibrium, has enabled models to deal with ecosystems that can show major structural changes resulting from adaptation and shifts in species composition.
Research Article| April 01 2005
S.E. Jørgensen; Recent developments in lake modelling. Water Sci Technol 1 April 2005; 51 (8): 5–12. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2005.0213
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