The paper proposes tortuosity as a physical concept particularly useful to interpret internal diffusivities in terms of biofilm structure. Results from different authors are presented showing how average effective diffusivities in biofilms (measured with inert tracers) vary with the fluid velocity: in the case of biofilms formed under turbulent flow conditions, an increase in fluid velocity corresponds to a decrease in the diffusivity, although sometimes this decrease is very slight; however, in laminar flow situations, no common trend is found from research group to research group.
Research Article| October 01 2005
Biofilm physical structure, internal diffusivity and tortuosity
1Laboratory for Process, Environmental and Energy Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto, Rua Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal,
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Water Sci Technol (2005) 52 (7): 77-84.
L.F. Melo; Biofilm physical structure, internal diffusivity and tortuosity. Water Sci Technol 1 October 2005; 52 (7): 77–84. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2005.0184
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