The indicator of risk of water contamination by phosphorus (IROWC_P) is designed to estimate where the risk of water P contamination by agriculture is high, and how this risk is changing over time based on the five-year period of data Census frequency. Firstly developed for the province of Quebec (2000), this paper presents an improved version of IROWC_P (intended to be released in 2008), which will be extended to all watersheds and Soil Landscape of Canada (SLC) polygons (scale 1:1, 000, 000) with more than 5% of agriculture. There are three objectives: (i) create a soil phosphorus saturation database for dominant and subdominant soil series of SLC polygons – the soil P saturation values are estimated by the ratio of soil test P to soil P sorption capacity; (ii) calculate an annual P balance considering crop residue P, manure P, and inorganic fertilizer P – agricultural and manure management practices will also be considered; and (iii) develop a transport-hydrology component including P transport estimation by runoff mechanisms (water balance factor, topographic index) and soil erosion, and the area connectivity to water (artificial drainage, soil macropores, and surface water bodies).
Indicator of risk of water contamination by phosphorus from Canadian agricultural land
E. van Bochove, G. Thériault, F. Dechmi, A.N. Rousseau, R. Quilbé, M.-L. Leclerc, N. Goussard; Indicator of risk of water contamination by phosphorus from Canadian agricultural land. Water Sci Technol 1 January 2006; 53 (2): 303–310. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.064
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