A procedure for the on-line measurement of concentrations of toxins in wastewater using spectrophotometric data is proposed. The complete absorbance spectrum of a wastewater sample is used to predict the concentrations of all possible substances within. Two techniques are examined. In nonlinear spectral deconvolution, the spectrum is decomposed as a linear combination of base spectra and the coefficients of this deconvolution are used to nonlinearly estimate the concentrations. Under partial least squares analysis, the concentrations are directly estimated as a linear combination of the measured spectrum data. Both techniques show good results for estimating the kinetics of samples taken during the reaction phase in a laboratory anaerobic/aerobic SBR used for p-nitrophenol biodegradation.

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