In situ spectrometers are comparable robust instruments and can be operated long term with relatively low maintenance demand. The decisive factor for their applicability is the development of a medium and installation location specific correlation model, which estimates the concentration of the requested target parameter from the measured absorption values. In some cases it might turn out, that the development of a single site specific correlation model is not sufficient, due to frequent and substantial variations of the (waste) water composition.

In order to assess the total uncertainty of in situ spectrometry, a comprehensive lab test was carried out. It includes a detailed investigation of the uncertainty of CODreference methods (DIN and small tube tests), a precision analysis of the absorption spectra and the impact of those two factors on the total uncertainty of the CODEQ correlation model.