Removal of organic matter is a critical parameter in soil aquifer treatment (SAT) as it governs and influences the removal of other contaminants by biodegradation namely trace organics, nitrogen species and microbes. A framework for analysis and prediction of the performance of SAT systems with respect to removal of organic matter under different water quality and process conditions was developed based on an extensive literature review and data analysis. Guidelines were developed to make preliminary estimates of the removal of organic matter during SAT using primary, secondary and tertiary effluents from wastewater treatment plants. These guidelines can be used as a quick tool to analyze the performance of existing SAT systems and serve as a decision support tool for feasibility studies and to save time for further detailed experimentation and design of SAT systems. Furthermore, effects of soil type and redox conditions on organic matter removal during SAT were also analyzed.