The objectives of this research were to investigate seasonal and spatial variations in (1) sorption of pyrene and its derivatives onto dissolved organic matter (DOM) and (2) fluorescence properties of DOM in Lake Biwa, Japan. In the case of pyrene, sorption coefficient (Kdoc) of Lake Biwa DOM seasonally changed from 1,200 to 3,800 L/kgC. Vertical distribution of Kdoc was affected by thermocline formation in summer, while it was uniformly distributed as a result of vertical mixing in winter. Functional groups affected sorption of pyrene onto Lake Biwa DOM in different manner from that onto Suwannee River fulvic acid. Three-dimensional excitation emission matrices (3D-EEMs) fluorescence spectroscopy was applied to characterize Lake Biwa DOMs and indicated the existence of at least two fluorophores. The two major peaks at Ex230/Em300 and Ex230/Em425 originated from protein-like and fulvic/humic-like substances, respectively. The peak at Ex230/Em300 showed the maximum fluorescence intensity at a depth of 5 m and could be affected by stratification of the water column in summer. On the other hand, the peak at Ex230/Em425 showed similar profiles both in summer and in winter. These results demonstrably showed that sorption of micropollutants and fluorescence properties of Lake Biwa DOMs were seasonally and spatially varied.

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