A large number of tourist structures in Venice (Italy) have small sized on-site treatment systems for their wastewater. Due to its historical characteristics, the city has no public sewerage system and untreated hotel wastewater represents a serious hazard for its lagoon environment. This study focused on the wastewater facilities installed in two hotels adopting an Activated Sludge Sequencing Batch Reactor (AS-SBR) and an Ultra-Filtration Membrane Biological Reactor (UF-MBR). Their performance was checked in terms of both traditional physico-chemical and ecotoxicological parameters, the importance of which has recently been recognised by EU regulatory dispositions and OSPAR indications. Acute and sub-chronic endpoints were both considered on a whole effluent toxicity basis by means of Vibrio fischeri and Crassostrea gigas, respectively. The two months monitoring survey evidenced that the UF-MBR was more efficient than the AS-SBR in providing high-quality discharges under both chemical and ecotoxicological viewpoints.
Research Article|October 01 2009
Performance assessment of AS-SBR and UF-MBR for hotel wastewater treatment
1Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Venice Cà Foscari, Campo della Celestia 2737/b, I-30122 Venice, Italy E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.orgEnvironmental Sciences Department, University of Venice Cà Foscari, Calle Larga Santa Marta, 2137/b, I-30121 Venice, Italy E-mail: email@example.com
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A. Volpi Ghirardini
Water Sci Technol (2009) 60 (7): 1701-1709.
G. Libralato, A. Volpi Ghirardini, F. Avezzù; Performance assessment of AS-SBR and UF-MBR for hotel wastewater treatment. Water Sci Technol 1 October 2009; 60 (7): 1701–1709. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.027
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