The date palm seed being one of the major forms of biomass produced from the date industry in UAE, its potential to be an appropriate precursor for the preparation of porous carbon utilizing KOH as an activating agent is assessed in the present work. The porous carbon is prepared at an activation temperature of 600 °C, impregnation ratio of 2, and activation duration of 1 hour, in an inert atmosphere using a conventional horizontal furnace. The resultant porous carbon has a Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area of 892 m2/g, pore volume of 0.45 cm3/g, and an average pore diameter of 1.97 nm. This porous carbon was used for adsorption studies at different initial concentrations (100–400 mg/l) and temperatures (30–50 °C). The adsorption isotherm parameters for the Langmuir and Freundlich models were determined using experimental adsorption data and it was found that both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms described well the adsorption behavior of phenol on porous carbon. The mono layer adsorption capacity was observed to be 333 mg/g, which is highest for the reported date pam seed biomass-based porous carbon. From the data obtained, it was concluded that the removal of phenol from aqueous solution by porous carbon prepared from data palm seed is a low-cost process with an extremely high performance.
KOH-based porous carbon from date palm seed: preparation, characterization, and application to phenol adsorption
K. Suresh Kumar Reddy, Pravin Kannan, Ahmed Al Shoaibi, C. Srinivasakannan; KOH-based porous carbon from date palm seed: preparation, characterization, and application to phenol adsorption. Water Sci Technol 1 November 2014; 70 (10): 1633–1640. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2014.419
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