Nanowire/nanorod TiO2 structures of approximately 8 nm in diameter and around 1,000 nm long were synthesized by alkaline hydrothermal treatment of two different TiO2 nanopowders. The first precursor was TiO2 obtained by the sol-gel process (SG-TiO2); the second was the well-known commercial TiO2 P-25 (P25-TiO2). Anatase-like 1D TiO2 nanostructures were obtained in both cases. The one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures synthesized from SG-TiO2 powders turned into rod-like nanostructures after annealing at 400 °C for 2 h. Conversely, the nanostructures synthesized from P25-TiO2 preserved the tubular structure after annealing, displaying a higher Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area than the first system (279 and 97 m2/g, respectively). Despite the higher surface area shown by the 1D nanostructures, in both cases the photocatalytic activity was lower than for the P25-TiO2 powder. However, the rod-like nanostructures obtained from SG-TiO2 displayed slightly higher efficiency than the sol-gel prepared powders. The lower photocatalytic activity of the nanostructures with respect to P-25 can be associated with the lower crystallinity of 1D TiO2 in both materials.
Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of 1D TiO2 nanostructures
Julieta Cabrera, Hugo Alarcón, Alcides López, Roberto Candal, Dwight Acosta, Juan Rodriguez; Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of 1D TiO2 nanostructures. Water Sci Technol 1 September 2014; 70 (6): 972–979. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2014.312
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