Abstract

Helminth eggs are among the most important biological contaminants in environmental engineering. They pose a significant health risk associated with poor sanitation, the use of contaminated water for irrigation, and the disposal of excreta or sludge to land. Helminths are parasitic worms transmitted to humans via their eggs, which is the infective stage of their life cycle. They are therefore relevant to public health and environmental fields due to their low infectious dose, their persistence in the environment (up to several years), and their high resistance to conventional disinfection processes. The evaluation of the efficiency of any process of inactivation, through the determination of the viability of these parasites, is fundamental, but the traditional incubation technique requires 20 days to determine both the viability and the infectivity of nematode eggs. However, the present study found that using an inactivation process at a temperature of 60 °C for 1 hour and incubation at 28 °C and 34 °C, the absence of division of the nucleus of eggs of the genus Ascaris lumbricoides and Toxocara canis showed them to be inactivated following only 48 hours of incubation. Similar inactivation results were observed using an automatic system as long as the eggs were inactivated. The minimum time required to evaluate the inactivation of nematode eggs through the incubation technique was 48 hours.

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