Abstract

The promising synergistic electrocatalytic system of phosphate (PO43−) with the mediator cobalt(II) (for short E-Co(II)-PO43−) was employed to degrade cationic dye methylene blue (MB). The exploration in the electrocatalytic process revealed that the main intermediate active oxidation products were Co(III), accompanied with hydroxyl radicals and peroxodiphosphates (P2O84−). Their synergistic electrocatalytic degradation rate to MB and total organic carbon (TOC) was up to 100 and 60% in 40 min, respectively, which was 5 times and 2.6 times of that in direct electrocatalytic system, correspondingly. The degradation process of the E-Co(II)-PO43− system on MB started with the bond broken at the N-C junction of MB molecule and intermediate active oxidation substances generated, such as phenothiazine, 2-amino-5-(N-methylformamide) benzene sulfonic acid and N1,N1-dimethyl-1,4 diaminobenzene. Then the intermediates were degraded into aniline, phenol and benzene sulfonic acid, and eventually was decomposed into inorganic substances, like CO2 and water. The electrocatalytic degradation mechanism of E-Co(II)-PO43− system on MB was the combination of indirect oxidation of the intermediates oxidants like Co(III), P2O84− and hydroxyl radical with direct electrocatalysis on the platinum titanium electrode, where the electrocatalytic oxidation of Co(III) was dominant.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Active Co(III) and peroxodiphosphate generated in a novel electrocatalytic system have synergistic electrocatalytic effect.

  • MB removal rate reached 100% in 40 min in the novel electrocatalytic system with phosphate and the mediator cobalt(II).

  • Co(III) is the dominant active oxidation substance in MB oxidation and mineralization.

Graphical Abstract

Graphical Abstract
Graphical Abstract
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Supplementary data