Wastewater from the textile industry containing a high concentration of organic and inorganic chemicals have strong color and residual chemical oxygen demand (COD). Therefore, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are very good candidates to treat textile industry wastewater. In this study, we investigated the effect of different types of AOPs supported with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on the treatment of viscose fibers dyeing wastewater. Fenton, photo-Fenton, and Fenton supported subcritical water oxidation (FSWO) processes were chosen as AOPs to compare the treatment efficiency of viscose fibers dyeing wastewater. The effects of solution pH, Fe2+ concentration, and H2O2 concentration on the treatment of viscose fibers dyeing wastewater were tested. The maximum color and COD removal efficiency was obtained corresponding to pH 2.5 for all oxidation methods when MB dye solution was used. However, the maximum efficiencies were obtained at pH 3.0 for real textile wastewater decolorization. The MB dye removal efficiency was increased to 97.22, 100, and 100% for Fenton, photo-Fenton, and FSWO processes, respectively, when the addition of H2O2 concentration was adjusted to 125 mg/L. However, the maximum color removal efficiencies of viscose fibers dyeing wastewater were obtained 56.94, 61.26, 64.11% for Fenton, photo-Fenton, FSWO processes, respectively. As a result, the FSWO showed maximum color removal efficiencies.
Fenton, photo-Fenton, and Fenton supported SWO processes were compared.
Methylene blue dye was treated at pH 2.5 for all oxidation methods.
MB dye removal was 97.22 and 100% for Fenton and photo-Fenton/FSWO processes.
The highest color removal to treat real textile wastewater was 64.11% for FSWO.