Water inrush accidents seriously threaten underground mining production, so the accurate prediction of the spreading process of water inrush is essential for the formulation of water-inrush-control plans and rescue schemes. This paper proposes a spatiotemporal model based on pipe-flow theory to simulate the spreading process of water inrush in mine roadway networks. The energy-loss term is added to this model to improve the simulation accuracy in bifurcated roadways, and pumps and water-blocking equipment are considered in controlling the spreading process of water inrush. Through experimental case studies, the simulation results and the function of the energy-loss term are verified. A sensitivity analysis is then carried out to assess the impact of the model parameters. The results show that the model outputs are most sensitive to the roadway length, cross-section width, and energy-loss coefficient. The model exhibited maximal sensitivity to the geometric parameters compared with the hydraulic parameters. Furthermore, the spreading process of a real water inrush in a coal mine in North China is simulated, and the water-inrush-control measures are evaluated. The overall results indicate that the proposed spatiotemporal model accurately predicts the spreading process of water inrush and is thus applicable to large-scale mine roadway networks.

  • This paper proposes a spatiotemporal modeling approach to simulate the water-inrush spreading in mine roadway networks, which is verified by physical model tests.

  • The energy-loss term is added to this model to improve the simulation accuracy.

  • Pumps and water-blocking equipment are considered in controlling the spreading process of water inrush.

  • The importance of main parameters is assessed by sensitivity analysis.

Graphical Abstract

Graphical Abstract
Graphical Abstract
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