Co-located infrastructure networks such as roads, water, and sewer in theory offer the possibility for integrated multi-infrastructure interventions. However, how closely these networks are aligned in space and time determines the practical extent to which such coordinated interventions can be realized. This study quantifies the spatial alignment of the aforementioned infrastructure networks and demonstrates its application for integrated interventions and potential cost savings. It proposes two metrics, namely (1) shared surface area and (2) shared trench volume, to quantify the spatial relationship (i.e., degree of co-location) of infrastructures. Furthermore, the study demonstrates how the degree of co-location can be used as a proxy for cost-saving potential of integrated interventions compared to silo-based, single-infrastructure, interventions. Through six case studies conducted in Norwegian municipalities, the research reveals that implementing integrated interventions across road, water, and sewer networks can result in potential average cost savings of 24% in urban areas and 11% in rural areas. Utility-specific savings under different cost-sharing scenarios were also analyzed. To identify the yearly potential of integrated multi-infrastructure interventions, future work should add the temporal alignment of rehabilitation of infrastructures (i.e., time of intervention needed for the infrastructures).

  • The ‘degree of co-location’ quantifies the spatial relationships among infrastructure networks.

  • An application of the degree of co-location can be its use as a proxy for economic and environmental savings of integrated interventions.

  • On average, 24% cost-saving potential for multi-utility interventions in urban areas.

  • On average, 11% cost-saving potential for multi-utility interventions in rural areas.

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