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Water Science & Technology Special Issue on

Carbon Neutrality of Sewage Treatment Plants



The 9th International Conference on Hydraulic and Civil Engineering & Smart Water Conservancy and Safety Engineering Forum (ICHCE2023 & SWCSE2023) focuses on Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering research, providing a platform for experts, scholars, and engineers from various institutions to share academic findings, explore engineering advancements, and discuss current challenges, aiming to foster international cooperation and the industrialization of research results.

People all around the world face the issue of environmental harm brought on by over usage of fossil fuels and the depletion of conventional energy sources. One of the main sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is sewage treatment facilities (STPs). The amount of power used in the USA for sewage treatment makes up roughly 0.6 percent of the nation's total electricity use. Asian nations typically use less energy for sewage treatment than the United States does. Researchers have proposed several benchmarks (such as key performance indicators (KPIs), energy audits, energy analysis, and life cycle assessment (LCA)) to evaluate the energy consumption and environmental issues of STPs. These benchmarks have proven to be useful tools for comparing STPs and have led to conclusions about their general effectiveness.

Sewage treatment should consider sustainability factors in addition to efficiency and efficacy. The integration of STP into the regional socioeconomic environment is another crucial factor that needs to be taken into account. This makes it possible to limit or even stop the production of solid waste and the need for external inputs (such as chemicals), as well as to recover resources from sewage (i.e. reclaimed water, sludge, nutrients and biogas).

Therefore, reducing energy use and greenhouse gas emissions is a crucial step toward STPs being carbon neutral. This Special Issue's goal is to promote great research on all areas of STP carbon neutrality technology, with a particular emphasis on energy consumption reduction, resource and energy recovery, and life cycle analysis of the sewage treatment process.

We are pleased to invite you to submit a manuscript to Water Science & Technology for peer review and possible publication in a Special Issue entitled Carbon Neutrality of Sewage Treatment Plants.


Relevant topics include:

  • Development of sewage treatment technologies
  • Analysis of energy consumption in sewage treatment process
  • Energy recovery from sewage treatment
  • Low-cost technologies for nitrogen removal
  • Recovery of phosphorus from sewage and sludge
  • Life cycle assessment of sewage treatment process
  • Analysis of carbon neutralization path in sewage treatment plant
  • Removal of new pollutants from sewage and sludge
  • Combination of photovoltaic, geothermal and other new energy technologies with sewage treatment


Key dates:

Deadline for manuscript submission: December 29th, 2023

Expected publication: Articles will be published online as soon as possible after acceptance.


Guest Editors:

Weiwei Shao, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, China

Mohammed J K Bashir, Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Green Technology (FEGT), Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Universiti, Malaysia

Fahmi Muhammad Ridwan; School of Environmental Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Malaysia


How to submit:

Please make sure that your paper follows the Instructions to Authors of the journal, before submitting your paper directly to Water Science & Technology’s peer review system. Then choose the article type – ‘Special Issue Article OA’ and the submission category – Special Issue: Carbon Neutrality in Sewage Treatment. This will send your paper to one of the Guest Editors.

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